Galician Literature Day or Día das Letras Galegas en Galicia is a public holiday which takes place in Galicia, Spain. It is a celebration of the Galician language and its literature and was first held in 1963.
This event has taken place on May 17 every year since 1963. In 1991 Galician Literature Day was declared a public holiday in the autonomous region of Galicia.
The first celebration took place in 1963 to commemorate the centenary of Cantares Gallegos, the first work written in the Galician language by writer Rosalía de Castro (1837–1885), who was one of the most important poets in the history of Galicia. Cantares Gallegos was first published on May 17, 1863. Since 1963, each Galician Literature Day has been dedicated to a different writer in the Galician language.
Only writers who have been dead for at least ten years are eligible, and the choice is made by the Real Academia Galega (Royal Galician Academy). There is only one precedent of a "shared" Day: in 1998, the day was dedicated to Martín Codax, Xohán de Cangas and Mendinho, together with the authors of the medieval songs (cantigas). This year (2016) the day is dedicated to writer Manuel María.
Photo: Ponte Navea, Álvaro Pérez Vilariño
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